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Agro-Science
Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension
 

ISSN 1119-7455
   
 
         
 
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Article No 9 of Volume 7.1 (2008)
 
    
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BACTERIA ISOLATES FROM THE UTERI OF DOES THAT HAD DYSTOCIA

Udegbunam, R.I., Udegbunam, S.O and Nnaji, T.O

Department of Veterinary Surgery, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

 

                 

 

ABSTRACT 

            

Uterine swabs from 50 does that had dystocia and were operated upon at UNVTH were examined for aerobic bacteria. Of the 50 uteri examined 47 yielded bacterial growth and a total number of 49 bacterial isolates were isolated from the 47 uteri. Of the 49 isolates, 42 were Escherichia coli while 7 were staphylococcus species. All the E. coli isolates were susceptible to ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin. The staphylococcus organisms showed minimal susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol, and cotrimoxazole. None of the bacteria isolates was susceptible to beta-lactam antibiotics and streptomycin. The most prevalent resistance patterns of the E. coli isolates were ChAmPSTeGnCoCf (28.6), AmPSCoCf (26.2) and ChAmPSTeGnCoCf ( 16.7).  All the staphylococcus isolates showed the same resistance pattern (NoPfCfAmGnTePS). The study has shown that E. coli is the major bacterial agent isolated from the uteri of does that underwent caeserian section  in the U.N.V.T.H. The isolates showed high resistance to antibiotics routinely used in the U.N.V.T.H. Thus it is essential for the surgeon to take uterine swabs during caesarean surgery for bacterial isolation and sensitivity testing.

 

Keywords:  bacteria, does, dystocia and uterus

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Date:17/01/2018
 
     
 
 
 
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