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Agro-Science
Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension
 

ISSN 1119-7455
   
 
         
 
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Article No 3 of Volume 13.1 (2014)
 
    
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ASSESSMENT OF THE NUTRIENT CONTENTS OF BROILER STARTER AND FINISHER DIETS IN NIGERIA

ASSESSMENT OF THE NUTRIENT CONTENTS OF BROILER STARTER AND FINISHER DIETS IN NIGERIA

 

 

*Malomo, G. A.1, Suleiman, Z. G.2, Bolu. S. A.3 and T. A. Egberuare1

1Livestock Research Division, Coordination of Technical Research Programme,

2Bureau of Gender and Youths in Agricultural Research & Innovation

Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria (ARCN), Abuja

3Animal Production Department, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

*digabby@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to assess the proximate composition and amino acid profiles  of six (6) commercial  broiler starter and finisher diets. Four samples of each feed type were procured from different feed vendors within Abuja metropolis and subjected to proximate and amino acid analyses. The dry matter, crude protein, crude fibre, crude fat and ash contents of broiler starter and finisher diets were observed to be within the levels of 92.2 – 94.4%, 21.5-24.6%, 4.0 – 8.7%, 5.5 – 8.7% and 7.9 – 12.0% and 91.64-94.38%, 19.06-22.63%, 4.41-8.77%, 5.37-8.41% and 7.87-11.25%, respectively, and were within the ranges quoted on the labels of the feeds analyzed. The results also showed that there was no significant (P>0.05) difference in the crude protein (4), arginine, methionine, isoleucine, threonine and valine contents of the broiler starter diets compared with the vatusin the nutrient tables of NRC., Except for methionine+cystein which was lower (P<0.05), most of the finished starter diets had significantly (P<0.05) higher histidine, lysine, proline, phenylalaline, phenylalaline+thyrocine and glycine+serine values than those recommended by NRC for broiler aged 1-3 weeks. Similarly, all test broiler starter diets had superior (P<0.05) CP and amino acids profile compared with the NRC recommendation for broilers aged 3-6 weeks. While crude protein, arginine, isoleucine, methionine, lysine, threonine, methionine+cystein and phenylalanine contents were similar (P>0.05), leucine, valine, phenylalaline+thyrocine and glycine+serine values of the test finisher diets were significantly (P<0.05) different from NRC recommendation for broilers aged 3-6 weeks. Except for arginine, isoleucine and threonine which were similar (P<0.05) to NRC requirement table for broilers aged 6-8 weeks, CP and the other amino acid vatus  of the test finisher diets were higher (P<0.05). Although, estimated chemical scores of analyzed diets revealed a generally high trend, methionine plus cystine appeared limiting in the broiler starter diets compared with recommended levels for birds aged 1-3 weeks; threonine, valine or isoeucine may be limiting in some broiler finisher diets when compared with requirement for broilers aged 3-6 weeks. 

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Date:21/05/2018
 
     
 
 
 
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