Search Articles: Advance Search
Agro-Science
Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension
 

ISSN 1119-7455
   
 
         
 
 Latest Articles
    
 
Article No 2 of Volume 13.2 (2014)
 
    
 Archive
 
 
PHYSICAL AND FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF BREAKFAST CEREALS FROM MAIZE, AFRICAN YAM BEAN AND COCONUT CAKE

PHYSICAL AND FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF BREAKFAST CEREALS FROM MAIZE, AFRICAN YAM BEAN AND COCONUT CAKE

 

Okafor  G. I. 1 and G. O. Usman2

1Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.

2Department of Food, Nutrition and Home Sciences, Kogi State University, Anyingba, Kogi State,

Nigeria  email:gabriel.okafor@unn.edu.ng;

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

The physical and functional attributes of ready-to-eat breakfast cereals produced from blends of maize (Zea mays), African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) (AYB), defatted coconut (Cocos nucifera) cake and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) malt extract, were evaluated, to generate essential data on the products.  Six samples were formulated by mixing the AYB and maize composite flour with graded levels of defatted coconut (100:0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, 50:50), sugar, salt and water. The samples were mixed and toasted at 280°C for 5mins each in a non-stick metallic pan, cooled and packaged. The results revealed the following ranges of physical and  functional properties; pH (4.70- 6.56), bulk density (0.29 - 0.71g/ml), water absorption capacity (68.31- 76.39%), oil absorption capacity (0.87- 1.32%), foam capacity (2.48- 3.49%), viscosity (19.73-31.08%), gelation temperature (121-157°C), emulsification capacity (5.79-9.86 g/100g), wettability (15.67-23.22 sec.) and invitro-protein digestibility (66.30- 82.2%). It is evident that there are significant variations of physical and functional attributes with addition of defatted coconut fibre in the formulations. 

Full Article (29.95Kb) | All Articles in Volume 13.2
 
 

Date:24/09/2018
 
     
 
 
 
  Copyright © 2008 All Rights Reserved  
  Website Designer:   Cygital
Home | Login | Register | About Us | Contact | Help